Kalka railway station is the northern terminus of the Delhi-Kalka line and the starting point of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Kalka–Shimla Railway. It is located in the Indian state of Haryana. It serves Kalka and passengers moving on to Shimla.Kalka railway station is located at an altitude of 658 metres (2,159 ft) above mean sea level. It was allotted the railway code of KLK under the jurisdiction of Ambala railway division.
The Delhi-Ambala-Kalka line was opened in 1891. The 610 mm (2 ft) wide narrow gauge Kalka-Shimla Railway was constructed by Delhi-Ambala-Kalka Railway Company and opened for traffic in 1903. In 1905 the line was regauged to 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) wide narrow gauge.Kalka has a narrow gauge diesel shed for the maintenance of ZDM-3 and ZDM-5 narrow gauge diesel locos.
Kalka railway station has 2 double-bedded non-AC retiring rooms and a four-bedded dormitory.It has a computerized reservation office, vegetarian and non-vegetarian refreshment rooms and book stall.
Kalka Mail (numbered 1 Up / 2 Dn) began operation in 1866 between Howrah and Delhi and then further extended from Delhi to Kalka in 1891. Both the terminal stations had internal carriageway for the cars of Viceroy and other high-ranking officers to reach next to their rail coach, The carriageway at Howrah is still used and runs between platforms 8 and 9, but the carriageway at Kalka has been converted into a platform.
Kalka Mail (numbered 1 Up / 2 Dn) began operation in 1866 between Howrah and Delhi and then further extended from Delhi to Kalka in 1891. Both the terminal stations had internal carriageway for the cars of Viceroy and other high-ranking officers to reach next to their rail coach, The carriageway at Howrah is still used and runs between platforms 8 and 9, but the carriageway at Kalka has been converted into a platform
Kalka is a town in the Panchkula district of Haryana, India. The name of the town is derived from the goddess Kali. The town is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas and is a gateway to the neighbouring state of Himachal Pradesh. It is on the National Highway 22 between Chandigarh and Shimla, and is the terminus of the Kalka-Shimla Railway. To the south of Kalka is Pinjore, and the industrial town of Parwanoo (Himachal Pradesh) is to the north on the NH 22. Industrial development has led to a continuous urban belt from Pinjore to Parwanoo, but Kalka remains largely unaffected by these developments. Nearby is Chandimandir Cantonment where the Western Command of the Indian army is based. In 2013 it has come under the jurisdiction of Panchkula Municipal Corporation and its municipal committee has been dissolved.
The town takes its name from Kalika maa the ruling deity. Kalka was acquired by British India from the Princely state of Patiala in 1843 as a depot for Simla, the summer capital of the Raj. It became the junction for the Delhi-Ambala-Kalka, and the Kalka – Simla railways. By 1901, the town, administered as a notified area, had a population of 7,045, a railway workshop, and was a market for ginger and turmeric. The Kalka municipal committee was created on 11 April 1933.
Kalka experiences a subtropical climate, with a monsoon season from late June to early October. The summer starts in mid-April and temperatures peak during May and June. This is followed by the monsoon season, which is accompanied by a drop in temperature and an increase in humidity. Temperatures remain moderate in October and November, but start falling towards the end of November. Winter lasts through December, January and February, with temperatures lowest in early January. Kalka also receives some rainfall from Western Disturbance, near the end of winter. Winter season, despite being chilly, is mostly free of fog unlike most north Indian cities in the plains
Some trains originate and passes through Kalka Railway Station:
52457:Kalka – Simla NG Passenger
72451:Kalka – Simla Rail Motor
52451:Shivalk Deluxe Express
52453:Kalka Simla Express
54304:Kalka – Delhi Passenger
54532:Kalka Ambala Passenger
22456:Kalka – Sainagar Shirdi Super Fast Express
14503:Kalka SVDK Express
14887:Kalka Barmer Express