The Tatanagar Railway Station , station code TATA, is the main railway station serving the city of Jamshedpur in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Previously, it belonged to the state of Bihar before a portion of south Bihar came to be incorporated into the new state of Jharkhand.
Tatanagar is a Junction station and is located on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of the Indian Railways. It has 5 platforms and handles around 100 trains each day. Most westbound and northbound trains and some important trains to other parts of the country originate at Tatanagar Railway Station.
The Tatanagar Railway Station is more than a century old. Sakchi was identified as the ideal site for the envisaged steel plant in December 1907. In 1910, the village Kalimati which was near to sakchi got itself a railway station on BNR’s Howrah-Bombay route.The railways from then on were the life-line of the steel plant established by the Tatas. The name of the Railway station was later changed to Tatanagar in honour of its founder Jamsetji Tata. Tatanagar—Rourkela section was the second 25kV AC electrified section of the country, the first being Burdwan-Mughalsarai (in 1957).
The Tatanagar Railway Station was built by famous Railway Contractor of the town, Nanji Govindji Taunk and his son Ranchhod Nanji Taunk of Nanji Govindji & Sons of Bistupur, who belonged to KGK Community, a community noted for their contributions in building Railway lines of India.
Tatanagar railway junction is an important station in the Howrah—Mumbai route, and to other places such as New Delhi, Chennai, Visakhapatnam and Orissa. It is the biggest station of South Eastern Railway in terms of passenger footfalls per day. It falls under South Eastern Railway Zone and Chakradharpur division. More than a 100 trains ply from this route at any given day. It is also a major transit point for citizens from various parts of the state. It is one of the busiest trunk routes section of Eastern India mainly due to being in the main line for passengers as well as goods train. It currently has 6 platforms. 5 are for major trains while one (platform 1B) is used for some passenger trains.
The station is a category A station and houses all the major facilities like AC Retiring rooms, Waiting rooms, Cafeteria, Bookshop, etc. Existing facilities are being revamped for developing it as a model station. The linking of the existing footbridge to the outside of the railway station has been completed which before produced a huge rush of passengers from the main gate which was quite troublesome for the incoming passengers.
The entry of vehicles in the station premises is allowed. There is vehicle parking facility on payment basis. The auto-rickshaws now have a special lane for entry and exit. The entry and exit points now have computerized monitoring units that check vehicles entering and coming out of the railway station. Close circuit television cameras are being installed in the parking area to monitor the people as well as vehicles. The station has also won the award for “best maintained station of South Eastern Railway Division for the year 2009-2010
The Railway Station is a major station of South Eastern Railway’s and houses a number of non-passenger related facilities like Loco sheds, Washing lines etc. in its premises. A new advanced washing line is also coming up in the complex. Apart from this Adityapur has a goods yard which is used by Tata Steel for receiving/dispatch and parking of raw material/finished steel rakes. A proposed sick line is also going to come up there. The station facilities(yard) have been recently enhanced seeing need arising out of the expansion of the Tata Steel plant capacity from 6.8 MT to 10 MT.
Some Trains originate and passes Through Tatanagar Junction:
22823: Bhubneswar Rajdhani Express
12819:Orissa Sampark Kranti Express
18101:Tata Jammu Tawi Express
18103:Jalianwala Bagh Express
18030:Shalimar – LTT Kurla (T) Express
18111:Tata Yeshwantpur Express via Secundrabad
12102:Jnaneshwari Super Delx Express
12870:Howrah CSTM Superfast Express
12810:Howrah Mumbai Mail (Via Nagpur)
18189:Tata Alleppy Express