Varanasi railway Junction is commonly known as Varanasi Cantt Railway Station which is one of the highest revenue generating stations in India. This station has rush of more than 1.5 lakh passengers and more than 240 trains passing through it daily. It is partly controlled by Lucknow Division of Northern Railway Zone and Varanasi Division of North Eastern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways.
The first railway line in Varanasi was opened in December in the year 1862 from Howrah on right bank of the Ganges, by the East Indian Railway Company. And in the year 1872 from Benares to Lucknow. In the late 1887, the bridge Dufferin was manufactured over the Ganges which passes the train to go to Mughalsarai.
Mughal Sarai Junction is the other major railway station about 8 km away from the city. This Junction make you available a lot of trains here, particularly to eastern India.
Manduadih is a rail terminal situated 4 km far from Varanasi Cantt Station. This station has made for passing the trains of North Eastern Railway. It comes under the administrative control of North Eastern Railway of Varanasi Division. Some other important railway stations in Varanasi are Sarnath, Bhulanpur, Shivpur, Babatpur etc.
The Varanasi Cantt Railway Station has modern Route Interlock System with automated signalling system. Varanasi Cantt is the highest revenue generating station of the Indian Railways, as the station records a rush of more than 363,000 passengers and more than 260 trains passing through here on a daily basis. It is partly under the administrative control of Lucknow Division of the Northern Railway Zone, and partly under the administrative control of Varanasi Division of the North Eastern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways. Railway Minister Miss Mamata Bannerjee has included Varanasi Cant in World-Class Railway Stations development project
The first railway line to Banaras or Benares was opened from Howrah in December 1862 and was built by the East Indian Railway Company. The station was built on right bank of the Ganges. Later in 1872, Oudh & Rohilkund Railway Company opened rail line from Benaras to Lucknow. In 1887, Dufferin Bridge was constructed over the Ganges at Benares allowing trains to go to Mughalsarai.
The present building towards city side was constructed during the regime of Mr Kamlapati Tripathi (1975-77) as railway minister. Cantonment side building was opened in 1998 by then railway minister Mr Nitish Kumar. The circulating area was renovated in 2008.
Tourist Information Centre at Varanasi Railway Station, Varanasi.In early 2016, the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation rated the facility the worst large station in India based on cleanliness
Some Trains are Originate and Passes through Varanasi Junction
15053:Chhapra Lucknow Express
15003:Chauri Chaura Express
12561:Swatantrata Sainani Express
12358:Amritsar – Kolkata Super Fast Express
12318:Akal Takhat Express
12326:Nangal Dam – Kolkata Express
13255:Patliputra – Chandigarh Express
12670:Ganga Kaveri Express
12435:Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express
12235:Dibrugarh – New Delhi Rajexp
19421:Ahmedabad Patna Express
15560:Ahmedabad – Darbhanga Jansadharan Weekly
19052:Valsad Shramik Express