Anand Vihar Railway Terminal, station code ANVT, is a large railway station in the Anand Vihar locality of Delhi, India.It is under the administrative control of the Delhi Division of the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railways.
This station was officially inaugurated on 19 December 2009 by the then Union Railway minister, Mamata Banerjee and the Chief Minister of Delhi, Sheila Dikshit. The terminal, spread over 42 hectares is one of the largest railway stations and will cater to all East–bound trains from Delhi after the second phase becomes operational.
The city of Delhi heavily depends on the Rail transport to cater for the increasing load of passengers to their destinations. The long-distance trains from Delhi used to ply from three stations namely Delhi Junction (Old Delhi), New Delhi and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Stations. These stations lacked the infrastructure facilities to handle such high passenger rush. Also, Delhi is the connecting station for the cities in the Northern states Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmir. With increasing passenger pressure at the existing stations, the requirement of additional major passenger terminals was identified by the Northern Railways. The East-bound trains from Delhi to the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand West Bengal and other North-eastern states had to cross the bridge over River Yamuna as all the three stations are located on the other side of the river. Thus, the area of Anand Vihar was selected in the trans-Yamuna region to construct a mega-railway terminal. In 2003, Union railway minister Nitish Kumar announced that Delhi would get a new rail terminal at Anand Vihar. The station was commissioned in the 2003 rail budget and in December 2003, Northern Railway floated a tender to employ consultants for Phase-I of Anand Vihar railway station project. The foundation stone of the station was laid by the then Union Minister of Railways, Nitish Kumar on 25 January 2004.The first phase was expected to be completed by 2006.
Due to the delay caused by various reasons, the construction was started by the Northern Railways in October 2006. The deadline for completion of the first phase was initially mid-2007 which was later revised to March 2008 due to various reasons. The station was finally declared clear for public use by the Commissioner of Railway Safety on 20 October 2009 and was officially inaugurated on 19 December 2009 by the Former Union Railway minister, Mamata Banerjee and then Chief Minister of Delhi, Sheila Dikshit. However, regular trains starting to ply from 10 March 2010 and the station continued functioning below capacity till a stampede at New Delhi station on 16 May 2010 made it clear that the New Delhi station handling 300,000 to around 500,000 passengers each day was saturated and thus the Northern Railways decided to transfer more trains to Anand Vihar and utilise it effectively. Northern Railways planned to shift around six more regular trains to Anand Vihar by mid-July and also open the tender inviting global consultancies to propose a masterplan for the station Phase-II which also included augmenting the number of platforms to 7 from the existing 3 platforms in the Phase-I of the project.
Phase I of the two-storey railway station was inaugurated on 19 December 2009 with three platforms, a coach maintenance yard and feeder lines to the Sahibabad Junction. This phase cost ₹850 million (US$13 million) and took five years to be completed. In the inauguration two new trains – the Anand Vihar-Lucknow Special Train and the Ghaziabad-New Delhi Ladies Special Train were flagged off. A Delhi-Panipat EMU with number of coaches augmented from 12 to 15 was also inaugurated. The two passenger trains to West Bengal-New Jalpaiguri Express and Farakka Express will be shifted to run from this terminal. Further, three existing trains running from Nizamuddin and New Delhi stations to Varanasi, Jogbani and Motihari will be shifted to the new terminal to originate from there from March onwards. While the original deadline for completion of the first phase was mid-2007, it was revised to March 2008 and the project was delayed further due to various reasons. However regular trains from the station started on 10 March 2010. Gradually many trains were shifted from New Delhi and other stations to Anand Vihar. A number of EMUs of the Delhi Suburban Railway pass through the station.
The new terminal was developed to decongest the New Delhi Railway Station, Delhi Junction (Old Delhi) and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station. The terminal is modelled on the lines of the Vashi terminal at Navi Mumbai. The new terminal also helped to relieve congestion on roads into New Delhi, reducing the load of a million people daily entering the city. The railway terminal is integrated with the Anand Vihar Interstate Bus Terminal (Vivekanand Bus Terminal) and the Anand Vihar station of the Delhi Metro located close by, thus transforming it into a major transportation hub of Delhi. Further, widening of the rail overbridge at Anand Vihar is planned as the current structure is not capable for handling the traffic.