Andal is a railway station on the Bardhaman-Asansol section. Andal-Sainthia branch line and Andal-Sitarampur branch line, both with numerous colliery siding, start from Andal. It is located in Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves Andal and the surrounding mining-industrial areas
The entire belt between Durgapur (158 km from Howrah), and all the way up to Dhanbad and beyond is industrialized. Apart from factories, there are many coalmines, some closed now, and some with fires burning deep in the mineshafts. The mining area extends for a large area, mostly to the south of the tracks. Quite a portion of the track passes through cuttings, where the surrounding area is higher than the track level, resulting in the profusion of characteristic small masonry bridges crossing the tracks.” This description is from “Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record” by Samit Roychoudhury
Andal Yard is one of the largest in Eastern Railway. Coal loaded at various colliery sidings are hauled to the yard by diesel locomotives. Coal is supplied in rakes to such thermal power plants as at Bakreshwar, Farrakka and Sagardighi. Substantial amounts of coal are dispatched to destination on Northeast Frontier Railway.
The first passenger train in eastern India ran from Howrah to Hooghly on 15 August 1854. The track was extended to Raniganj by 1855.
Here is an interesting description: “Andal is a railway town, consisting mostly of railway housing – in Indian terminology, the ‘railway colony’. Its commercial parts consist of a couple of dusty streets linked under the tracks by a long tunnel which, being unlit, has to be walked through by faith at night. The railway installations extend to a marshalling yard and a loco depot, all for coal traffic, since the through main line is served by the depot and the yards of Asansol a few miles west. Andal was home to wartime North American Mikados and older British 2-8-0’s plus some powerful tank engines for local passenger work.
Andal is a census town and location of a police station in Durgapur subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating laterite soil. This area lies between two mighty rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.
Andal has seven primary, four secondary and three higher secondary schools, including Andal Hindu Hindi vidyalaya which is the biggest Hindi medium school in the area. Also having an Eastern Railways owned school E.Rly. High School, Andal and a Kendriya Vidyalaya(K.V. Andal). Andal has a Bengali medium high school named Ondal High School. There are two English medium secondary schools named St. Mary’s (Station Road) and St. Francis Xavier School.One of the renowned Urdu medium School is Iqbal Academy High school
The Union Civil Aviation Ministry and the West Bengal Government announced on 7 September 2007 plans to set up a new airport — along with a township, IT and logistics hub — at Durgapur-Andal Region. This earmarked the beginning of the Aerotropolis Project in Andal. Spread over approximately 2,182 acres (8.83 km2), the Durgapur Aerotropolis Project is shaping up in the Asansol Durgapur Planning Area (ADPA) of Burdwan District in West Bengal.
An Integrated Township, IT Park and Logistics Hub will see the light of the day along with the Durgapur Aerotropolis Project. These will help in enhancing the growth prospects of Durgapur. BAPL has completed most of its legal procedures like receiving the In-Principal Clearance from the Ministry of Civil Aviation and getting the Land Use Development Control Plan (LUDCP) approved by Asansol Durgapur Development Authority (ADDA). It has also entered into a Technical Services Agreement with Changi Airports India Pte Ltd, Singapore. In the area both Burnpur and Durgapur have airstrips for the landing of small planes. The airfield at Panagarh is under Indian Air Force.
Some Trains Originate and passes through Andal Junction:
53139:Kolkata – Deoghar Passenger
15941:Jhajha – Dibrugarh Express
15661:Ranchi – Kamakhya Express
53049:Howrah – Mokama Passenger
13132:Anand Vihar Kolkata Express
63506:Asansol – Barddhaman MEMU
63505:Barddhaman – Asansol MEMU
53529:Andal – Rampur Hat Passenger
63508:Asansol Junction – Barddhaman Passenger
63507:Bardddhaman – Asansol Junction MEMU
73539:Andal – Jasidih DEMU
63510:Asansol Junction – Barddhaman Junction Passener
15662:Kamakhya – Ranchi Express
12384:Asansol – Sealdah Inter City Express