Chengalpattu junction railway station is a railway junction of the southern section of the Chennai Suburban Railway Network situated in the town of Chengalpattu, 56 kilometres (35 mi) south-west of Chennai Beach. The station falls in the Chennai railway division of the Southern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways. Officially it bears the code CGL
The Chengalpattu train station is located at the heart of the Chengalpattu city, on the banks of the Kolavai Lake. It is situated on the SH-58, and opposite to its main entrance lies the TNSTC and Mofussil bus terminals. There is also an statue in the memory of Periyar outside the train station.
The station is part of the Chennai – Villupuram line and another line, the Arakkonam – Chengalpattu line.
The nearest airport from the station is the Chennai International Airport located at a distance of nearly 42 kilometers from the city.
The lines at the station were electrified on 9 January 1965, with the electrification of the Tambaram—Chengalpattu section
The Chengalpattu Junction being a focal point on the Chennai – Villupuram line, inevitably means that every south-bound train from Chennai has to operate via the junction thus making it one of the most crowded railway stations of the Indian Railways.
There also several suburban trains operating from and through the station towards Chennai and the station holds prime importance in the Southand south-West lines of the Chennai Suburban Railway.
Chengalpattu, formerly known as Chingleput, is located on the GST Road and southwest of Kanchipuram region in Kanchipuram district, in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The British Government called this whole district Chingleput; now it is named Kanchipuram District. Chengalpattu is the 2nd largest town in the district, after Kanchipuram.
Chengalpattu Railway Station, generally known as CGL, is one of the major railway junctions of the Southern Railway and is a nationally important halt. It is the headquarters of the Chengalpattu Taluk of the district and is 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of the state capital, Chennai on the National Highway 45.
Chengalpattu Government Hospital is a landmark and the largest government hospital in this district. The Hospital has a medical college. The town has the principal court of the district, and Dr. Ambedhkar Law College.
The city is believed to have been named after a lily called ‘chenkazhuneer poo’ which is found aplenty in the region. It is on the Palar River about 56 km southwest of Chennai city (Madras). Chengalpattu is an important commercial center. It has a medical college and other colleges affiliated with the University of Madras. As of 2011, the town had a population of 62,579.
Some Trains are Originate and Passes through Chengalpattu junction :
11044:Madurai – Lokmanya TT Express
11064:Salem – Chennai Express
16860:Mangalore – Chennai Egmore Express