Ranchi Junction railway station, station code RNC, is the railway station serving the capital city of Ranchi in the Ranchi district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Ranchi Station is also the headquarters of the Ranchi division of the South Eastern Railway Zone of the Indian Railway. The Ranchi Junction railway station is connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network.
Ranchi has trains running frequently to Delhi, Kolkata and Patna. The city is a major railway hub and has four major stations: Ranchi Junction, Hatia Station, Tatisilwai Station and Namkom Station. Many important trains start from Hatia station as well.
There are 6 platforms in Ranchi junction. The platforms are interconnected with two foot over bridges (FOB) and an escalator
Ranchi Junction is located close to the bus terminal and domestic airport providing transport to important destinations of Jharkhand. Automatic ticket vending machines have been installed to reduce the queue for train tickets on the station. The Railway medical unit provides health facilities is located near Muri Junction.
In November 1907, Ranchi was bought on India’s Railway map with the Purulia- Ranchi narrow gauge line. In 1911, it was extended up to Lohardaga.
In 2003, the Ranchi division was carved out from the existing Adra railway division of the South Eastern Railway Zone. As of 2012 Ranchi Station is being renovated and developed in the lines of Jaipur railway station. The ceilings of the Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS) and the Passenger Reservation System (PRS) are being beautified with scenery.The facade of the Ranchi station has been improved in February 2012. In Feb 2012 two new platforms were added to the Ranchi station along with mechanical interlocking system.
There are 6 platforms in Ranchi junction. The platforms are interconnected with two foot over bridges (FOB) and an escalator.
Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand, and its third most populous city of the state. Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement, which called for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, western West Bengal & the eastern area of what is present-day Chhattisgarh. The Jharkhand state was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving out the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas.
The name Ranchi is derived from the previous name of the Oraon village at the same site, Archi. “Archi” derives from the Oraon word for bamboo grove or stave. According to legend, after an altercation with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with his bamboo stave. The spirit shouted archi, archi, archi and vanished. Archi became Rachi, which became Ranchi. One of the historically significant neighborhoods of Rachi is Doranda. Doranda lies between the Hinoo (Bhusur) & Harmoo Rivers, where the civil station, treasury and church established by the British Raj were destroyed by rebel forces during the Sepoy Mutiny.
Ranchi has a hilly topography and its dense tropical forests a combination that produces a relatively moderate climate compared to the rest of the state. During the period of British rule, it was accorded a ‘hill station’ status. Since that time, rapid population growth and industrialization have caused a marked change in its weather patterns and an increase in average temperature. This has resulted in gradual loss of its eligibility for “hill station” status.
Some trains originate and passes through Ranchi Railway Station:
13425:Malda Surat Express
18312:Varanasi – Sambalpur Express
58662:Hatia – Tatanagar Passenger
58651:Ranchi – Lohardaga Passenger
18628:Ranchi – Howrah Intercity Express
58651:Ranchi – Lohardaga Passenger
22892:Ranchi Howrah Intercity Express
18626:Hatia – Patna Express
12832:Dhanbad Garib Rath
18615:Howrah Hatia Express
18613:Ranchi – Chopan Express
53062:Hatia – Barddhaman Passenger
18623: Rajendar Nagar Bihar Hatia Express